1. Pakistan Resolution 23 March 1940 Uzma Zafar O’levels Pakistan Study
2. Contents Objectives Main leaders of the Muslim League Annual Session Reasons Main contents of resolution Significant moments Importance of Lahore Resolution Reaction on Lahore resolution Conclusion
3. Objectives To understand the circumstances in which the ‘Pakistan Resolution’ was moved and passed. To study the main content of the resolution To study the Reaction on Lahore resolution
4. Annual session of Muslim league 23 March1940 Liqat Ali Khan Presented the annual report of Muslim League Resolution moved by Molvi fazal –Ul- Haq Resolution seconded by Ch. khaliquzaman
5. Session presided by Quaid i Azam From different regions The Resolution was seconded by Maulana Zafar Ali Khan from Punjab, Sardar Aurangzeb from the NWFP. Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh, and Qazi Esa from Baluchistan, along with many other
6. Reasons for passing Pakistan Resolution Two nation theory ( Sir Syed Ahmed khan ) Muslim quest for political, economic and cultural safeguard Allam Iqbal and Chaduhary Rehmat Ali :The idea of separate homeland The experience of Congress Rule (1937-1939) compelled the Muslims to launch the movement for separate homeland. The Muslims’ disappointment from the Congress leadership decided to open a new phase of history. Quaid-i-Azam’s article in Time and Tide concluded that Muslims are a nation. No Constitution can be enforced by ignoring Muslims. His comments on March 13, 1940 are remarkable: “If some satisfactory settlement cannot be found for Muslims in united India, the Muslim will have to demand for division of the country.”
7. Significant Moments of Resolution
8. Resolution They decided that the Federal system under Government of India Act, 1935 was not acceptable for the Muslims. No revised constitutional plan would be acceptable unless it was framed with their approval and consent. Adjacent units where Muslims are in a majority, as in Northwest and East, should be constituted as Independent States where the constituent units will be autonomous and sovereign. Protection of minorities would be given priority
9. Importance of Resolution The passing of the resolution was a huge step for the Muslim League. The Pakistan Resolution offered a fair and attractive solution to the Problem, the Muslims had grappled with constant strain of being refer to second-class status. Had Given the enthusiasm to Muslims This resolution was passed unanimously and soon became known as ‘Pakistan Resolution’. The Muslims of subcontinent had finally got their rallying call. The years of oppression from British and Hindus were to be put behind them and it was ML which was undisputed leader of Pakistan Movement. It joined all the Muslims together to demand for a separate homeland.
10. Reaction on Lahore resolution 1. The Hindu press published news that the Muslim league had a dangerous design to disintegrate the country by the creation of Pakistan. 2. Congress, which was dreaming to establish ‘Hindu Raj’ had manipulated Lahore resolution as ; i. ML creating problems in the way of independence and wanted to retain the British predominance over the subcontinent. ii. Raised slogan that people of India wanted to form one United Nation iii. Congress hostility grew towards Muslim league.
11. 1. Gandhi instigate prejudice against partition by calling it the ‘vivisection of motherland’ ‘cutting up a baby into two halves’ (Anwar.M,PakistanStudies,volume1,whiterose publisher Lahore,pg 99) 2. The British’s did not oppose it openly because it was based on Two Nation Theory and British had accepted Muslims a separate nation on various occasions . 3. World war II had put the Britain in a very critical situation. She did not want to invite trouble by openly opposing the cause of Muslim League.
12. Conclusion The British had been compelled to recognize the Muslim League as the sole representative of the Muslims of India by 1940 and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah as its undisputed leader. The resolution passed in Lahore on March 23, created a scare in the minds of the Congress and the Hindus. They could see that the Muslim League had now openly advocated the division of India into "Independent States”
13. He, Quaid knew that without a well-defined goal that could be understood even by the simplest Muslim, there could be no real awakening of the Muslims. The Pakistan Resolution gave them a legible, objective and reachable goal: Pakistan.
14. Expected question Explain the reasons for the passage of the Lahore Resolution in March 1940. Why was Pakistan resolution passed? How important was Pakistan resolution in the history of Pakistan movement from 1920-1940?Explain your answer Why was Lahore Resolution passed in 1940?Explain the content of Lahore resolution . How successful were attempts to find solutions to the problems facing the subcontinent in the years 1940 to 1947?
15. Thank you !