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Write down the macroscopic characteristics of dynamic equilibrium.

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Answer. Important macroscopic characteristic features of dynamic equilibrium are ,
•         Equilibrium is achievable only in a closed system (in which substances can neither leave nor enter)
•        At equilibrium state a reaction does not stop. Forward and reverse reactions are taking place at the same rate but in opposite directions.
•        At equilibrium state, the amount (concentration) of reactants and products do not change. Even physical properties like colour density, etc. remain the same.
•         An equilibrium state is attainable from either way, i.e. starting from reactants or from products.
•        An equilibrium state can be disturbed by change in concentration, pressure or temperature but at the end again equilibrium is achieved.
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